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Bus, Jeep and Tractor History
Bus, Jeep and Tractor, makes up for the most integral part of Commercial Vehicles segment. Hence, making it very important for people to know about Bus, Jeep and Tractor History.
The History of Bus
The History of Bus dates back to the early 19th Century. In the early 1830's Sir Goldworthy Gruney from the UK had designed some kind of a Hugh stagecoach, which was powered by steam engine. This was probably the first kind of bus developed by mankind. However, the concept of buses has drastically changed in today's world.
Today, anything which is used to carry passengers and is self engineered is termed as a bus. It is normally used for fixed distances and routes. Any vehicle that carries more than 10 people is called a bus.
However, after the first breakthrough in 1830, the development of buses took a new stage in 1895. It was during this time, that the first passenger bus with four to six horse power single cylinder engine was made in Germany. The modern term bus had come form the Latin word "Omnibus", meaning "for all". And, by the 1915, bus service had started throughout the world. And slowly the Horse-Drawn Carriage and the Electric-Trolley cars were replaced by Buses.
Initially, the structures of Buses were not very different from trucks. They used to share the same kind of chassis with a different body. However, in 1922, an American Firm for the first time had developed a chassis especially for bus service. It's a little different from the truck chassis, which is a foot higher than that of the bus chassis. It also had a front mounted engine, a wide tread and an extra long wheelbase. However, later an integral frame was developed for better performance. Soon after that, the gasoline electric buses were introduced and a few years later the diesel powered Buses came into being. Later in the 1950's air suspension was first implemented in the passenger Buses. Compared with the buses of the yesteryears today's buses consume more fuel, but at the same time are also more powerful than the buses of the past.
The History of Jeep
The History of Jeep dates back to the First World War times. It was during this particular period that the US Army was looking for a fast, light weight, all terrain utility vehicle. And it became more necessary as the war progressed. So the army called all the vehicle manufacturers and gave them a list of specifications and told them to manufacture such a vehicle within 49 days. However, only two companies responded to the call, and they were The Bantam Car Company and the Willys- Overland. Although initially the 49 day deadline was a problem, yet with outside help The Bantam Car Company finally did manage to build the first hand-built prototype within the timeframe. Later, after the testing was completed, the army testers came to the opinion that this vehicle was upto the mark and that it met all the requirements and specifications. Later, both Willys and Ford submitted prototypes based on the Bantam Plan. But it was Willys who finally got the army contract. Mainly due to two important reasons; firstly because the Willys "Quad" was more powerful when compared to Bantam and Ford. And secondly, the financial condition of Bantam was not very stable at that moment. But, since the US Army was in need of a hugh consignment of Jeeps at that point of time, Willys-Overhead granted the US Government a non-exclusive license to allow other manufacturers to manufacture vehicles with Willys specification.
Although no one knows for sure how the term "Jeep" came into being, yet different people have different versions of story about it. However, the most commonly known answer to this question is that the US Army had designated this particular vehicle as G.P (General Purpose vehicle), which later transformed into the term "Jeep".
Since this Jeep vehicle played such an extraordinary and fascinating role during the World Wars that even today it is still one of the most recognized brands in the world. These vehicles were not only used by armies of different counties but at the same time these vehicles were also used for many other activities like, to lay telephone wires, makeshift ambulance, as conveyances for Prime Ministers and Army generals etc. Soon, afterwards, Willys realized the potential of the Jeep vehicle as a Civilian Carrier and so introduced the first ever civilian jeep in 1945. It was then used by the farmers and construction workers.
Since then, there has been no stop for the Jeep vehicle and even today there are new models which are being introduced in the market. Initially the Willys had obtained the Jeep trademark from the United States Trademark Registration. However, down the years this trademark had changed hands from Willys to Kaiser to American Motors Corporation to Chrysler Corporation, which is the recent owner of this trademark.
The History of Tractor
Tractors are mainly used for agricultural and constructional purposes. The agricultural industry was highly benefited with the introduction of Tractors. The first Tractors used internal combustion technology. They were stationary and sometimes wheels were added on to it, to make it mobile. However, it was due to the tractors that the agricultural industry has made such s huge leap towards better technology, which has increased production of food grains to such an extent. During the initial years of farming, the technological advancements were not much, but after Tractors came in place there was absolutely no stopping in that field.
Initially, the Tractors were also run based on the concept of steam engine. They were mostly used for general purposes and in particular were of some help to the timber trade. These tractors were introduced in 1868. However, at the beginning of the 20th century experiments were made and gas powered tractors were introduced.
When tractors were first introduced, they were fitted with metallic tires. However, since 1932, rubber tires were introduced and metallic tires were replaced. This helped in better grip on soil and also reduced the weight of the tractors considerably.
Though initially Tractors were mainly used for agricultural purposes, yet today they are used for a variety of different purposes.